(a) Who May Initiate. Bar Counsel may file a complaint on Bar Counsel's own initiative, based on information from any source. Any other individual also may file a complaint with Bar Counsel. Any communication to Bar Counsel that (1) is in writing, (2) alleges that an attorney has engaged in professional misconduct or has an incapacity, (3) includes the name and address of the individual making the communication, and (4) states facts which, if true, would constitute professional misconduct by or demonstrate an incapacity of an attorney constitutes a complaint.
(b) Review of Complaint.
(1) Bar Counsel shall make an appropriate investigation of every complaint that is not facially frivolous or unfounded.
(2) If Bar Counsel concludes that the complaint is either without merit or does not allege facts which, if true, would demonstrate either professional misconduct or incapacity, Bar Counsel shall dismiss the complaint and notify the complainant of the dismissal. Otherwise, subject to subsection (b)(3) of this Rule, Bar Counsel shall (A) open a file on the complaint, (B) acknowledge receipt of the complaint and explain in writing to the complainant the procedures for investigating and processing the complaint, (C) comply with the notice requirement of section (c) of this Rule, and (D) conduct an investigation to determine whether reasonable grounds exist to believe the allegations of the complaint.
Committee note: Before determining whether a complaint is frivolous or unfounded, Bar Counsel may contact the attorney and obtain an informal response to the allegations.
(3) If Bar Counsel concludes that a civil or criminal action involving material allegations against the attorney substantially similar to those alleged in the complaint is pending in any court of record in the United States, Bar Counsel, with the approval of the Commission, may defer action on the complaint pending a determination of those allegations in that action. Bar Counsel shall notify the complainant of that decision and, during the period of the deferral, shall report to the Commission, at least every six months, the status of the other action. The Commission, at any time, may direct Bar Counsel to proceed in accordance with subsection (b)(2) of this Rule.
(c) Notice to Attorney.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, Bar Counsel shall notify the attorney who is the subject of the complaint that Bar Counsel is undertaking an investigation to determine whether the attorney has engaged in professional misconduct or is incapacitated. The notice shall be given before the conclusion of the investigation and shall include the name and address of the complainant and the general nature of the professional misconduct or incapacity under investigation. As part of the notice, Bar Counsel may demand that the attorney provide information and records that Bar Counsel deems appropriate and relevant to the investigation. The notice shall state the time within which the attorney shall provide the information and any other information that the attorney may wish to present. The notice shall be served on the attorney in accordance with Rule 19-708 (b).
(2) Bar Counsel need not give notice of investigation to an attorney if, with the approval of the Commission, Bar Counsel proceeds under Rule 19-737, 19-738, or 19-739.
(d) Time for Completing Investigation.
(1) Generally. Subject to subsection (b)(3) of this Rule or unless the time is extended pursuant to subsection (d)(2) of this Rule, Bar Counsel shall complete an investigation within 90 days after opening the file on the complaint.
(A) Upon written request by Bar Counsel and a finding of good cause by the Commission, the Commission may grant an extension for a specified period. Upon a separate request by Bar Counsel and a finding of good cause, the Commission may renew an extension for a specified period.
(B) The Commission may not grant or renew an extension, at any one time, of more than 60 days unless it finds specific good cause for a longer extension.
(C) If an extension exceeding 60 days is granted, Bar Counsel shall provide the Commission with a status report at least every 60 days.
(3) Sanction. For failure to comply with the time requirements of section (d) of this Rule, the Commission may take any action appropriate under the circumstances, including dismissal of the complaint and termination of the investigation.